Conditions of Use AURA/NOAO materials

The materials created, authored and/or prepared by NOAO are copyrighted in content, presentation, and intellectual or creative origin.

Use of AURA/NOAO images constitutes acceptance of these guidelines.


AURA/NOAO images may not be used to state or imply the endorsement by AURA/NOAO or by any AURA/NOAO employee of a commercial product, service or activity, or be used in any other manner that might mislead.

Use of AURA/NOAO names and/or logos in publicity, promotion, or advertising is prohibited without prior written consent of AURA/NOAO.

AURA/NOAO should be acknowledged as the source of its materials, products, and technologies.

It is unlawful to falsely claim copyright or other rights in AURA/NOAO material.

AURA/NOAO shall in no way be liable for any costs, expenses, claims or demands arising out of use of AURA/NOAO images by a recipient or a recipient's distributee's.

AURA/NOAO personnel are not authorized to sign "hold harmless" statements or documents granting exclusive rights.


Electronic products such as images and captions created and/or prepared by NOAO are copyrighted in content, presentation, and intellectual origin. These electronically available materials are considered intellectual property and are intended for use for educational, academic, and research purposes and are not intended for commercial use. Electronic versions of images are protected by copyright as intellectual property unless noted otherwise.

Copyright and Credit Statements

Any use of NOAO images should include the following copyright statement:

"Copyright Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy Inc. (AURA), all rights reserved."

Images specifically identified as coming from the WIYN 3.5-m telescope on Kitt Peak require the following statement:

"Copyright WIYN Consortium, Inc., all rights reserved."

Some images have been copyrighted by individuals. In these cases please use the copyrights specified; please contact the individual if questions arise.

Appropriate credit lines would be:

"National Optical Astronomy Observatories/National Science Foundation"



Additional credit lines may be required for specific images.

Non-Commercial Use: For its copyrighted images, NOAO allows reproduction, authorship of derivative works, and other transformations of the original work strictly for educational and research purposes without further permission, subject to the General Conditions stated above. For other non-commercial uses, permission should be obtained from AURA/NOAO.

Commercial Use: For copyrighted materials, permission should be obtained from the copyright owner, AURA/NOAO, prior to use. NOAO will work with vendors on a case by case basis to establish appropriate permissions for use, which in some cases may involve a royalty agreement. If a recognizable person appears in an image, use for commercial purposes may infringe a right of privacy or publicity, and permission should be obtained from the recognizable person.

General Use: Electronic products may not be used in an inappropriate manner. Inappropriate use includes but is not limited to: religious materials, gang related materials, ethnic background materials, and political information. The use of images must not imply endorsement by AURA/NOAO of organizations, products, or services using the images. Commercial vendors should submit a description of the intended use of the images to the contact person named below for verification of appropriate use.


If further information or assistance is needed, you may contact:

Educational Outreach (outreach at
National Optical Astronomy Observatories
950 N. Cherry
P.O. Box 26732
Tucson, AZ 85726-6732

Copyright © 1998 The Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Last updated: November 6, 1998

Original, potentially more current AURA/NOAO copyright statement